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鐮倉幕府:武家政治的開端

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鐮倉幕府:武家政治的開端
Product Code:
457881
Model:
9789869262880
Product by:
風格司藝術創作坊
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Product Information

ISBN: 9789869262880

出版日期: 2016-04-21

作者: 陳杰

裝訂: 平裝.單色印刷.286頁.

 

  武士階層掌握中央及地方實權的幕府時代長達近七百年。  
  一一九二年,源賴朝從朝廷取得征夷大將軍稱號,武士貴族專權自此始。日本正式進入了武士階層掌握政權的幕府政治時期。在這個時期內,以天皇為首的貴族政權的朝廷仍舊在京都存在著,以將軍為首的武士政權——幕府與朝廷同時並存,將軍名義上由天皇任命,實際上卻是掌握實權的最高統治者。
  
  鐮倉幕府:武家政治的開端
  
  鎌倉幕府是平安王朝末期武將源賴朝在一一八○年起兵反對貴族平氏政權,至一一九二年被任命為征夷大將軍這段時間內創立。其設有負責幕府領域內行政與財務的政所、統轄與源氏結成主從關係的御家人的侍所、和審理御家人訴訟的問注所的三個武士政權機關。將軍任命御家人到全國各地任地方行政機構「國」的守護和各莊園的地頭,掌握地方警察、徵稅和土地管理權。
  
  鎌倉幕府是以將軍為首,御家人為骨幹的武士政權。源賴朝死後,幕府大權漸由源氏外戚北條氏控制,幕府遂由將軍獨裁向北條氏執權政治過渡。一二二一年,不滿幕府的後鳥羽上皇發動討幕戰爭。戰後,幕府流放後鳥羽等三個上皇,廢仲恭天皇,另立後堀河天皇,新設六波羅探題以監視皇室,並沒收參與叛亂的皇族與貴族的莊園三千餘處。這時幕府權力超過朝廷,甚至干預天皇的繼承。並在一二三二年公佈第一個武士政權成文法《貞永式目》,為武家法律之本,並逐漸成為全國性的法律。
  
  鎌倉幕府後期,由於農民的反抗和御家人的貧困,社會矛盾日益表面化,特別是在兩次抗元戰爭之後,中下階層的武士對幕府日益不滿。北條氏得宗為鞏固統治,僅任命本家子弟為評定眾與守護,獨攬幕府大權。因而在一三二四年,後醍醐天皇舉兵倒幕,一三三三年足利尊氏響應,五月上野新田義貞攻入鎌倉,鎌倉幕府滅亡。
  
  

 

作者簡介
陳杰



作者簡介



陳杰


  一九八三年生於杭州,從小學時代起就對歷史書沉迷不已,在港城寧波讀大學的時代染上了玩電腦遊戲的「陋習」,因而對日本史產生了濃厚的興趣,於是不惜到處蒐借、購求日本史相關書籍,以充實「欲望」,甚至於浙江大學畢業之際,碩士論文亦著眼於中日交流史。現供職於杭州某博物館研究部雖自識淺陋,但不腆大膽,閒暇時常著筆東瀛史實,以此為樂。

鐮倉幕府:武家政治的開端
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Shipping Information
ZoneWeightDelivery Fee (RM)
West MalaysiaFirst 2.00 kg5.30
West MalaysiaAdditional 1.00 kg2.12
East MalaysiaFirst 1.00 kg12.72
East MalaysiaAdditional 1.00 kg12.72

ZoneOrder Price Range (RM)Delivery Fee (RM)
West MalaysiaAbove 39.00FREE
East MalaysiaAbove 79.00FREE

 

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